Fluency refers to how smooth or interrupted a student’s speech is. Dysfluent speech is often referred to as stuttering.

Types of stuttering include:
1. Repetitions

This can be repetitions of single sounds (e.g. "c..c..can I go to the toilet?'), syllables (e.g. 'the pa..pa..paper is there'), whole words (e.g. 'the...the...dog is running') or phrases (e.g. 'if I...if I... If I go').

2. Blocks

This is a period of silence in a word or sentence.

(e.g. 'please st..op')

3. Prolongations

This relates to audibly stretching out a single sound
(e.g. “caaaaaaaan I go to the toilet?”)

4. Other associated behaviour

The overuse of fillers such as 'um' or non-verbal behaviours such as excessive blinking, grimacing or tapping, are all considered types of stutters.

If a child is stuttering, it is recommended that you refer them to see a Speech Pathologist.

Useful Resources

  • Talking Fluency
    Information about talking fluency from Kidsense Child Development Centre in South Australia
  • 8 Teacher Tips
    Tips for teachers from The Stuttering Foundation of America

Useful Links